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03-03-2011, 02:36 PM
BANKER SAHIL H. & BHAVSAR MANAN O.
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCY.PPT (Size: 895.5 KB / Downloads: 59)
WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCY ?
1)The thing which is manmade known as “ARTIFICIAL”.
2)Ability to archive goals in the world is known as “INTELLIGENCY”.
3)AI is the system which is find OR make the intelligent.
4)AI is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines specially computer programs.
5)AI is the similar task of understanding HUMAN intelligence using computer
HISTORY OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENGY :-
-After WWII, a number of people independently started to work on intelligent machines. The
English mathematician Alan Turing may have been the first. He gave a lecture on it in
1947. He also may have been the first to decide that AI was best researched by
programming computers rather than by building machines. By the late 1950s, there were many
researchers on AI, and most of them were basing their work on programming computers.
-John McCarthy is the developer of AI.
THE PATH TO HUMAN-LEVEL
-To solve any problem divide it into Epistemological & Heuristic first of all.
-Now, solve it by using arithmetic & logical techniques.
-John McCarthy who is the professor of Computer Science at Stanford University study this from 1948 & give the heading of AI to it in 1955.
-His main research is commonsense knowledge in this field.
In 1958 the language LISP was invited by him.
-He invite non monotonic circumscription methods in 1978.
-He get A.M.Turing award in 1971 & was elected President of
“American Association for Artificial Intelligence“ for 1983-1984.
-He got so many awards like in 1985 , Nov.1988 , 1990.
ABOUT AI :-
#There are two types of AI,
1)BIOLOGYCAL AI :-It is the AI in which the machine study the HUMAN physiology and than imitate that & show its intelligent
2)DIGITAL AI :- It is AI which is use to solve the problems of the world & also to archive the goals and solve it by mathematical & logical techniques.
#The relation Between AI & Physiology is that both of them are study mind & common sense
BRANCHESE OF AI :-
1)Logical AI :- To complete own goals by mathematical logical language
2)Search :- By discovering make its program more efficient
3)Pattern Recognition :-To get idea by observation from the scenes which it sees already somewhere
4)Representation :-By mathematical logic language
i) Monotonic :- Inference with drawing
ii) Non-Monotonic :- Inference by using mathematical logical discursion
6)Common Sense Knowledge & Reasoning :-It is the area for progress of AI by new idea
7)Learning From Experience :-Learning of laws of logic by experience
8)Planning :- To generate strategy of archiving goals