Automatic Railway Gate Control and Track Switching full report
Thread Rating:
  • 1 Vote(s) - 4 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
project topics
Active In SP
**

Posts: 2,492
Joined: Mar 2010
#1
23-04-2010, 11:13 PM



.docx   Automatic Railway Gate Control and Track Switching.docx (Size: 376.84 KB / Downloads: 1,383)


Abstract:
Present project and implimentation is designed using 8051 microcontroller to avoid railway accidents happening at unattended railway gates, if implemented in spirit. This project and implimentation utilizes two powerful IR transmitters and two receivers; one pair of transmitter and receiver is fixed at up side (from where the train comes) at a level higher than a human being in exact alignment and similarly the other pair is fixed at down side of the train direction. Sensor activation time is so adjusted by calculating the time taken at a certain speed to cross at least one compartment of standard minimum size of the Indian railway. We have considered 5 seconds for this project and implimentation. Sensors are fixed at 1km on both sides of the gate. We call the sensor along the train direction as Ëœforeside sensorâ„¢ and the other as Ëœaft side sensorâ„¢. When foreside receiver gets activated, the gate motor is turned on in one direction and the gate is closed and stays closed until the train crosses the gate and reaches aft side sensors. When aft side receiver gets activated motor turns in opposite direction and gate opens and motor stops. Buzzer will immediately sound at the fore side receiver activation and gate will close after 5 seconds, so giving time to drivers to clear gate area in order to avoid trapping between the gates and stop sound after the train has crossed.
The same principle is applied for track switching. Considering a situation wherein an express train and a local train are traveling in opposite directions on the same track; the express train is allowed to travel on the same track and the local train has to switch on to the other track. Two sensors are placed at the either sides of the junction where the track switches. If thereâ„¢s a train approaching from the other side, then another sensor placed along that direction gets activated and will send an interrupt to the controller. The interrupt service routine switches the track. Indicator lights have been provided to avoid collisions. Here the switching operation is performed using a stepper motor. Assuming that within a certain delay, the train has passed the track is switched back to its original position, allowing the first train to pass without any interruption. This concept of track switching can be applied at 1km distance from the stations.
The project and implimentation is simple to implement and subject to further improvement.
Model of Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching
Gate Control:
Railways being the cheapest mode of transportation are preferred over all the other means .When we go through the daily newspapers we come across many railway accidents occurring at unmanned railway crossings. This is mainly due to the carelessness in manual operations or lack of workers. We, in this project and implimentation has come up with a solution for the same. Using simple electronic components we have tried to automate the control of railway gates. As a train approaches the railway crossing from either side, the sensors placed at a certain distance from the gate detects the approaching train and accordingly controls the operation of the gate. Also an indicator light has been provided to alert the motorists about the approaching train.
Gate control
Track Switching
Using the same principle as that for gate control, we have developed a concept of automatic track switching. Considering a situation wherein an express train and a local train are travelling in opposite directions on the same track; the express train is allowed to travel on the same track and the local train has to switch on to the other track. Indicator lights have been provided to avoid collisions .Here the switching operation is performed using a stepper motor. In practical purposes this can be achieved using electromagnets.
Track Switching
Hardware Description
The project and implimentation consists of four main parts:
1. 8051 microcontroller
2. IR Transmitter
3. IR Receiver
4. Stepper Motor Circuit
8051 Microcontroller
The I/O ports of the 8051 are expanded by connecting it to an 8255 chip. The 8255 is programmed as a simple I/O port for connection with devices such as LEDs, stepper motors and sensors. More details of the 8255 are given later.
The following block diagram shows the various devices connected to the different ports of an 8255. The ports are each 8-bit and are named A, B and C. The individual ports of the 8255 can be programmed to be input or output, and can be changed dynamically. The control register is programmed in simple I/O mode with port A, port B and port C (upper) as output ports and port C (lower) as an input port.
Block diagram of 8051 Microcontroller
IR Circuits
This circuit has two stages: a transmitter unit and a receiver unit. The transmitter unit consists of an infrared LED and its associated circuitry.
IR Transitter
The transmitter circuit consists of the following components:
1. IC 555
2. Resistors
3. Capacitors
4. IR LED
The IR LED emitting infrared light is put on in the transmitting unit. To generate IR signal, 555 IC based astable multivibrator is used. Infrared LED is driven through transistor BC 548.
IC 555 is used to construct an astable multivibrator which has two quasi-stable states. It generates a square wave of frequency 38kHz and amplitude 5Volts. It is required to switch ËœONâ„¢ the IR LED.
IR Transmitter
IR Receiver
The receiver circuit consists of the following components:
1. TSOP1738 (sensor)
2. IC 555
3. Resistors
4. Capacitors
The receiver unit consists of a sensor and its associated circuitry. In receiver section, the first part is a sensor, which detects IR pulses transmitted by IR-LED. Whenever a train crosses the sensor, the output of IR sensor momentarily transits through a low state. As a result the monostable is triggered and a short pulse is applied to the port pin of the 8051 microcontroller. On receiving a pulse from the sensor circuit, the controller activates the circuitry required for closing and opening of the gates and for track switching. The IR receiver circuit is shown in the figure below.
IR Receiver
Stepper motor circuit
Stepper motor circuit
Here a stepper motor is used for controlling the gates. A stepper motor is a widely used device that translates electrical pulses into mechanical movement. They function as their name suggests “ they step a little bit at a time. Steppers don™t simply respond to a clock signal. They have several windings which need to be energized in the correct sequence before the motor™s shaft will rotate. Reversing the order of the sequence will cause the motor to rotate the other way.
Use Search at http://topicideas.net/search.php wisely To Get Information About Project Topic and Seminar ideas with report/source code along pdf and ppt presenaion
Reply
seminar presentation
Active In SP
**

Posts: 582
Joined: Apr 2010
#2
20-05-2010, 06:22 AM

please read topicideashow-to-microcontroller-based-automatic-railway-gate-control-full-report and topicideashow-to-automatic-railway-gate-controller-using-stepper-motor-full-report topicideashow-to-automatic-railway-gate-control-and-track-switching-full-report topicideashow-to-automatic-railway-gate-controller-using-fm-communications-full-report for getting information related to AUTOMATIC RAILWAY GATE CONTROL system in different technology
Use Search at http://topicideas.net/search.php wisely To Get Information About Project Topic and Seminar ideas with report/source code along pdf and ppt presenaion
Reply
rohit kaushal
Active In SP
**

Posts: 1
Joined: Aug 2010
#3
12-08-2010, 03:01 PM

can you give me it's full details as well as circuit diagram of it
Reply
project report helper
Active In SP
**

Posts: 2,270
Joined: Sep 2010
#4
06-10-2010, 03:34 PM



.docx   vikas.docx (Size: 20.22 KB / Downloads: 293)
Automatic Railway Gate Control & Track Switching( LATEST)

by badmediaPresent project and implimentation is designed using 8051 microcontroller to avoid railway accidents happening at unattended railway gates, if implemented in spirit. This project and implimentation utilizes two powerful IR transmitters and two receivers; one pair of transmitter and receiver is fixed at up side (from where the train comes) at a level higher than a human being in exact alignment and similarly the other pair is fixed at down side of the train direction. Sensor activation time is so adjusted by calculating the time taken at a certain speed to cross at least one compartment of standard minimum size of the Indian railway. We have considered 5 seconds for this project and implimentation. Sensors are fixed at 1km on both sides of the gate. We call the sensor along the train direction as ‘foreside sensor’ and the other as ‘aft side sensor’. When foreside receiver gets activated, the gate motor is turned on in one direction and the gate is closed and stays closed until the train crosses the gate and reaches aft side sensors. When aft side receiver gets activated motor turns in opposite direction and gate opens and motor stops. Buzzer will immediately sound at the fore side receiver activation and gate will close after 5 seconds, so giving time to drivers to clear gate area in order to avoid trapping between the gates and stop sound after the train has crossed.
Reply
projectsofme
Active In SP
**

Posts: 1,124
Joined: Jun 2010
#5
18-10-2010, 02:45 PM


.doc   AUTOMATIC RAILWAY GATE CONTROL SYSTEM BY DC MOTOR.doc (Size: 30.5 KB / Downloads: 292)
AUTOMATIC GATE CONTROL SYSTEM



Objective:
Present project and implimentation is designed using 8051 microcontroller to avoid unwanted entry of vehicles&persions gates, if implemented in spirit. This project and implimentation utilizes two powerful proximity sensors, which is used to control the gate automatically.

Explanation:

The project and implimentation consists of

1. Proximity sensor
2. Microcontroller
3. Relays
4. DC motor
5. Gate model

When foreside sensor gets sensed, the gate motor is turned on in one direction and the gate is closed and stays closed until.
Using simple electronic components we have tried to automate the control of gates. As a vehicle approaches the gate from either side, the sensors placed at a certain distance from the gate detects the approaching accordingly controls the operation of the gate. The gate opening and closing can be done with the help of DC motor by the specific instruction of microcontroller.

Advantages:
 Avoid accidents in level crossings.
 No manual work is needed.
Reply
seminar surveyer
Active In SP
**

Posts: 3,541
Joined: Sep 2010
#6
23-12-2010, 02:54 PM


Prepared by:
D. Siva Sumanth
K. N. V. Subrahmanyam
J. Mahesh
G. Srikanth


.pptx   AUTOMATIC RAILWAY GATE CONTROL.pptx (Size: 293.44 KB / Downloads: 252)

OBJECTIVE
To alert and save the people from the train accidents at the unmanned railway gates.

To restrict the train accidents by introducing an application of track switching.

This project and implimentation is developed in order to help the INDIAN RAILWAYS in making its present working system a better one, by eliminating some of the loopholes existing in it.



BLOCK DIAGRAM
Stepper motor for track switching
WORKING


When the train is behind 5km the counter will tell the micro controller to send the RF packet and stepper motor will close the gate by rotating clockwise and glows red signal light.


When the train crosses the gate then the counter automatically opens the gate by rotating the motor in anti-clockwise direction.


We can use the same counter to detect two trains coming in the same track in opposite direction and with the help of stepper motor we could rotate the gear to switch the track.






EXAMPLE OF AN AUTOMATIC RAILWAY GATE
AXLE COUNTERS
STEPPER MOTOR
ADVANTAGES
There is no time lag to operate the device.
Accuracy.
This can be further implemented to have control room to regulate the working of the system. Thus becomes the user friendliness.
This circuit can be expanded and used in a station with any number of platforms as per the usage.
TOOLS
HARDWARE:-
MICRO CONTROLLER
AXLE COUNTERS
STEPPER MOTOR


SOFTWARE:-

KEIL SOFTWARE





Reply
sanakkiyan
Active In SP
**

Posts: 4
Joined: Nov 2010
#7
19-01-2011, 02:26 PM

sir please send the program of this project and implimentation to my mail id
Reply
sanakkiyan
Active In SP
**

Posts: 4
Joined: Nov 2010
#8
19-01-2011, 02:40 PM

sir please send full report of the this project and implimentation
Reply
sanakkiyan
Active In SP
**

Posts: 4
Joined: Nov 2010
#9
20-01-2011, 10:24 AM

sir i need full details about this project and implimentation very urgently, because i was chosen this project and implimentation as a my final year project and implimentation, so please send full report..........
Reply
seminar surveyer
Active In SP
**

Posts: 3,541
Joined: Sep 2010
#10
20-01-2011, 11:55 AM

1st page of this thread containing full details. just go through it.
Reply
seminar class
Active In SP
**

Posts: 5,361
Joined: Feb 2011
#11
17-03-2011, 11:46 AM


Now a days, India is the country which having worlds largest railway network. Over hundreds of railways running on track everyday. As railway has straightway running as well as it has somewhat risky and dangerous as per as general public and traffic concern. As we know that it is surely impossible to stop the running train at instant is some critical situation or emergency arises. Therefore at the places of traffic density, suburban areas and crossings there is severe need to install a railway gate in view of protection purpose. Obviously at each and every gate there must be a attendant to operate and maintain it. In view of that, if we calculate the places of railway crossings and such places where it would to be install and overall expenditure, the graph arises and arises at the extent.
But, India, our country is a progressive country. It has already enough economical problems which are ever been unsolved. So, to avoid all these things some sort of automatic and independent system comes in picture. Now a days automatic system occupies each and every sector of applications as it is reliable, accurate and no need to pay high attention.
So, keeping all these things and aspects and need of such system our project and implimentation batch tries to make such type of system with the help of various electrical, electronic and mechanical components. The thorough and detail information as per as construction and working is concerned, it is discussed furtherly.
An automatic control system is an arrangement of physical components connected in such a manner so as to direct or regular itself or some another system i.e. some controlled condition forming part of the system is maintained in a prescribed manner.
Automatic control system have influenced the current way of life. In recent year automatic control systems have been rapidly increasing importance in all fields of engineering. Its application covers a very wide range from design of precision control devices to design of massive equipments used for manufacture of steel and other industries.
ADVANTAGES OF ATOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM:
The need of automation is due to or advantages of automatic
control system are :
1) It result in economy of operation.
2) Elimination of human error.
3) If frees human beings from mental tasks.
4) Saving in energy require
Reply
seminar addict
Super Moderator
******

Posts: 6,592
Joined: Jul 2011
#12
07-02-2012, 09:42 AM

to get information about the topic Automatic Railway Gate Controller Using Stepper Motor full report,ppt and related topic refer the link bellow

topicideashow-to-automatic-railway-gate-controller-using-stepper-motor-full-report

topicideashow-to-automatic-railway-gate-control-and-track-switching-full-report

topicideashow-to-automatic-railway-gate-control-and-track-switching-full-report?page=2

Reply
seminar paper
Active In SP
**

Posts: 6,455
Joined: Feb 2012
#13
25-02-2012, 11:57 AM

to get information about the topic automatic railway track switching full report ppt and related topic refer the link bellow

topicideashow-to-automatic-railway-gate-control-and-track-switching-full-report

topicideashow-to-automatic-railway-gate-control-and-track-switching-full-report?page=2

Reply

Important Note..!

If you are not satisfied with above reply ,..Please

ASK HERE

So that we will collect data for you and will made reply to the request....OR try below "QUICK REPLY" box to add a reply to this page

Quick Reply
Message
Type your reply to this message here.


Image Verification
Please enter the text contained within the image into the text box below it. This process is used to prevent automated spam bots.
Image Verification
(case insensitive)

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  MULTI-LEVEL INVERTER CAPABLE OF POWER FACTOR CONTROL WITH DC LINK SWITCHES PPT study tips 2 606 06-09-2016, 10:04 AM
Last Post: Dhanabhagya
  Presentation On Project Automatic Traffic Light Control System ppt study tips 1 742 02-04-2016, 02:28 PM
Last Post: mkaasees
  PHS BASED ONLINE VEHICLE TRACKING SYSTEM full report project topics 6 8,529 07-01-2016, 11:33 AM
Last Post: Guest
  AUTOMATIC STREET LIGHT CONTROLLER USING AT89c51 MICROCONTROLLER seminar flower 3 2,243 05-11-2015, 10:42 PM
Last Post: Guest
  FINGER PRINT BASED ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINE full report project topics 48 42,500 09-10-2015, 10:18 PM
Last Post: Guest
  Bluetooth Enabled Mobile Phone Remote Control for PC PPT seminar flower 2 2,352 05-08-2015, 11:13 PM
Last Post: Guest
  RF Based SPY robot full report seminar topics 4 11,789 09-03-2015, 11:25 PM
Last Post: rsnnzxrkv
  DIGITAL SPEEDOMETER full report seminar surveyer 8 11,643 30-10-2014, 07:50 PM
Last Post: akhil4718
  WEATHER MONITORING AND INSTRUMENT CONTROL SYSTEM USING MICROCONTROLLER project report tiger 6 7,073 04-10-2014, 08:55 PM
Last Post: OsKFAHX
  MICROCONTROLLER BASED DAM GATE CONTROL SYSTEM full report seminar class 13 10,282 13-07-2014, 11:33 PM
Last Post: Guest