COST EFFECTIVE CONSTRUCTION IN WALLS WITH RESPECT TO ON-SITE PREPARATION
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04-01-2011, 06:38 PM


COST EFFECTIVE CONSTRUCTION IN WALLS WITH RESPECT TO ON-SITE PREPARATION
NINTH SEMESTER
B.ARCH DISSERTATION
Submitted by
ABRAHAM P. JOSEPH
DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
THIRUVANANTHAPURAM
JANUARY – 2011

ABSTRACT

Concentration of greenhouse gases play major role in raising the earth’s temperature. Carbon dioxide, produced from burning of fossil fuels, is the principle greenhouse gas and efforts are being made at international level to reduce its emission through adoption of efficient technologies in cost. Cost-effective construction technologies can bring down the embodied energy level associated with production of building materials by lowering use of energy-consuming materials.

This embodied energy is a crucial factor for sustainable construction practices and effective reduction of the same would contribute in mitigating global warming. The cost-effective construction technologies would emerge as the most acceptable case of sustainable technologies in India both in terms of cost and environment.

However, the question is as to what kind of role different construction techniques and technologies play in cost reduction and to what extent they can influence the present scenario of rising price. An attempt has been made to answer these questions.

1.1 INTRODUCTION

Every Builder or architect understands the importance of reducing the construction cost. The difference between what a product costs and for what it can be sold is the profit. Lowering the cost without sacrificing the quality gives you a better chance to earn an adequate return on the money and time put into the building. In most industries, management has the option of increasing the price if cost overruns make the estimated selling price unrealistic. Most overruns usually comes out of a builder’s profit. Cost overruns can wipe out profit and destroy the reason for taking the job in the first place. If labour costs are less than estimated, if the work goes faster than planned, if the overhead burden is lower than expected, If material waste is minimized, the money saved becomes maximized. In very recent years the cost of construction has increased faster. The rising cost of shelter is a the present scenario in housing, which affects all of us.

In a building, the wall constitutes the major volume of construction of about 35% to 40%, bringing down the cost of construction of walls can bring forth a substantial monitory benefit by using materials and technologies that do not require any process of factory manufacturing. The cost over there can be saved. Since we are living in the world of rising prices, considering the cost of an ordinary conventional wall containing cement, sand, aggregates and steel, the need to adopt Cost effective technology in walling has become imperative, so that constructing a house is within the reach of common man by using materials that can be prepared fast on site and constructed fast too. For a simple structure like house we can adopt these cost effective technology in walls to cut down on the money spent from one’s pocket.

1.2 AIM OF STUDY

The problem regarding the construction cost has assumed formidable proportion in countries. So the ways to control costs of construction of walls in buildings is needed in terms of technologies, materials, techniques etc used for walling. The aim of this dissertation is to make a study on the new methods of walling and to find out how they can help to reduce the cost of construction of buildings.


1.3 NEED FOR STUDY

The construction industry and the environment in which it operates have changed significantly. The process of change now seems to be never-ending and hectic. Against this background contractors and consultants have to cope with the ever-increasing pressures for faster construction to higher quality at a lower cost. However, what has not changed is the importance of effective cost control. The cost should not be simply monitored. They need to controlled and managed in walls especially to cause a substantial profit.


1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The research is targeted on various walling techniques mainly on the Indian houses, especially on the houses in Kerala. The materials and technologies identified would be such that there are no processes in the factory and only site preparation and construction is satisfactory. Whether it is Indian or global, the goal behind the construction is to create customer satisfaction, probably by reducing the cost of construction of walls and keeping the better quality. The methods of cost-effectiveness in construction will help in better solving the problem of price control.



1.5 METHODOLOGY

The process includes both literature study and comparative study on the cost of construction walls of the some of the existing buildings. The types of materials used in the walls and up to what extent they could control the cost is also dealt with. New technologies used in the cost-effective construction of walls are also being discussed.

Get the full report here:
mediafirefile/urwb3d9yrj3b2r1/COST%20EFFECTIVE%20CONSTRUCTION%20IN%20WALLS%20WITH%20RESPECT%20TO%20ON-SITE%20PREPARATION%20full%20report.rar
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