Field Emission Display Screen (Download Full Report And Abstract)
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#1
22-02-2009, 01:04 AM


INTRODUCTION
Various types of displays have become common in the every day life. The displays are used in televisions, computers etc. They also have wide use in laboratories and in medical applications. The displays are those devices by which we can view moving objects. The displays are manufactured depending upon their application.

One of the hottest markets driving physics research is the demand for a perfect visual display. People want, for example, large, thin, lightweight screens for high-definition TV and outside displays and very high resolution flat computer monitors that are robust and use little power. Several types of flat display are competing for these applications. Not surprisingly, the research departments of universities and the big electronics companies around the world are bustling with exciting ideas and developments. New university spinout companies are developing many new devices. The different types displays available are:

¢ Liquid crystal displays
¢ Plasma displays
¢ Electro luminescent displays
¢ Field emission displays
¢ Projection displays

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYS

Even the liquid crystal display (LCD), which has 85 per cent of the flat-screen market, is still a young technology and the subject of very active research. LCDs depend on arrays of cells (pixels) containing a thin layer of molecules which naturally line up (liquid crystals); their orientation can be altered by applying a voltage so as to control the amount of light passing through. Their main drawbacks have been poor viewing characteristics when seen from the side and in bright light, and a switching speed too slow for video. Electrically sensitive materials called ferroelectric and antiferroelectric liquid crystals show potential. These work slightly differently and are bistable so should use less power. They can respond 100 to 1000 times faster than current displays, and should give brighter images from all angles. One solution to the drawbacks of LCDs is to combine them with another technology. Indeed, the latest, high quality LCDs on the market incorporates a tiny electronic switch (a thin film transistor, TFT) in each pixel to drive the display.

PLASMA DISPLAYS

Although LCDs up to a 42-inch diagonal have been demonstrated, for larger flat TV screens, companies have instead turned to plasma display panels. These employ gas discharges (as in a fluorescent tube) controlled by an electrical signal. The ionised gas, or plasma, emits ultraviolet light which stimulates red, green and blue phosphors inside each pixel making up the display panel to produce coloured light. The images on the latest displays are very clear and bright. Unfortunately they are still expensive.

ELECTRO LUMINESCENT DISPLAYS



One of the most promising emerging display technologies exploits ultra thin films of organic compounds, either small molecules or polymers, which emit light (luminescence) when subjected to a voltage. These organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) produce bright, lightweight displays.


FIELD EMISSION DISPLAYS

The other major technology competing for the flat screen, market is the field emission display. This works a bit like a cathode-ray tube, except that electrons are emitted from thousands of metal Ëœmicro-tipsâ„¢, or even a diamond film, when an electric field is applied between the tips and a nearby phosphor coated screen. Printable Field Emitters, based at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory near Oxford, has come up with a novel idea employing low-cost composite materials deposited and patterned using screen printing and simple photolithography. This technology could produce affordable large displays in the 20 to 40-inch diagonal range suitable for TVs.

PROJECTION DISPLAYS

Finally, a completely different approach showing potential is to direct light from an image source using wave-guides through a glass or plastic sheet onto a screen. A clever variation of this is ˜the Wedge™ developed by Cambridge 3D Display. Light rays pass up a thin wedge-shaped glass plate and emerge at right angles at various points depending on the angle of entry. The beauty of this device is that it could be used to project and implimentation any kind of micro-display “ LCD or OLED, for example “ onto a large screen.

All of the technologies described here still have drawbacks and no one yet knows which will win the big prize of flat screen TVs. It is likely that all of them will find niche markets. The next five years will certainly see a revolution in flat screen development.






FED TECHNOLOGY



The FED screen mainly contains three parts:

1. Low-voltage phosphors.
2. A field emission cathode using a thin carbon sheet as an edge emitter.
3. FED packaging, including sealing and vacuum processing.
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19-08-2010, 11:05 AM

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.ppt   Jing_Flat_Panel.ppt (Size: 3.39 MB / Downloads: 140)
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08-10-2010, 10:08 AM


.doc   17-Field-Emission-Display-Screen.doc (Size: 1.05 MB / Downloads: 132)

Field Emission Display Screen


INTRODUCTION
Various types of displays have become common in the every day life. The displays are used in televisions, computers etc. They also have wide use in laboratories and in medical applications. The displays are those devices by which we can view moving objects. The displays are manufactured depending upon their application.

One of the hottest markets driving physics research is the demand for a perfect visual display. People want, for example, large, thin, lightweight screens for high-definition TV and outside displays and very high resolution flat computer monitors that are robust and use little power. Several types of flat display are competing for these applications. Not surprisingly, the research departments of universities and the big electronics companies around the world are bustling with exciting ideas and developments. New university spinout companies are developing many new devices. The different types displays available are:






fir more info:-\

topicideashow-to-field-emission-display-screen-seminar and presentation-report
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#4
12-08-2011, 02:10 PM


.ppt   THE FUTURE OF DISPLAY TECH..ppt (Size: 2.08 MB / Downloads: 64)
Field Emission Displays
The future of display technology?
Presentation Outline
History of display technology
Current display alternatives
How FEDs work
Companies working on FED
Difficulties with FED
Future of FED displays
History of Display Technology
Cathode Ray Tube
1950’s
Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT)
Liquid Crystal Display
Plasma Display Panel
Technology Comparison
Technology Comparison cont’d
Advantages
Good color representation
Large viewing angle
Fast response time (50 µs)
Low price
Multiple resolutions
Shortcomings
Large and bulky (2 kg/in)
Flicker causes eye strain
High power (11 W/in)
Technology Comparison cont’d
Technology Comparison cont’d
Advantages
Shortcomings
Light weight (0.6 kg/in)
Low power (5 W/in)
Less eye strain
High brightness (500 Cd/m2)
Small viewing angle
Slow response time (8 ms)
Weaker contrast & color
Technology Comparison cont’d
Technology Comparison cont’d
Advantages
Shortcomings
High brightness (1000 Cd/m2)
High contrast (10000:1)
Large viewing angle
More power vs LCD (8 W/in)
Burn-in effect
Size limitation (>40”)
Slow response time
FED: The Best of Both Worlds
Promised Advantages
Very light (100 g/in)
Large Viewing angle (178o)
Extremely fast (20 ns)
Low power (0.2 W/in)
High contrast (10x PDP)
No flicker
No dead pixels
How FED Works?
Array of mini-CRTs
Technology Options - SED
Technlogy Options - Spindt
Technology Options - CNT
Companies Researching FED
Canon and Toshiba joint venture in SED
Sony promises Spindt-type FED display in 2009
Samsung is researching CNTs, Applied Nanotech Inc. have made a 25” display
Challenges: Technical Problems
Fluctuations in emission current
Low cost manufacturing methods
Developing for large areas
Tip damage
High vacuum levels required
Dropping LCD prices
LCD panels are dropping in cost while increasing in quality
Hope for FED Displays
The success of FEDs depends on:
Cost
Quality
Timing
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#5
17-09-2012, 12:17 PM

i would to take a seminar and presentation on topic field emission display screen could you please send me the paper presentation of field emission display screen to my email Id:joemxavier@gmail.com. waiting for the replies.
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