Group Dynamics
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computer science crazy
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23-09-2008, 02:15 AM

The term group dynamics implies that individual behaviours may differ depending on individuals' current or prospective connections to a sociological group. Group dynamics is the field of study within the social sciences that focuses on the nature of groups.

Urges to belong or to identify may make for distinctly different attitudes (recognized or unrecognized), and the influence of a group may rapidly become strong, influencing or overwhelming individual proclivities and actions. The group dynamics may also include changes in behaviour of a person when he is represented before a group, the behavioural pattern of a person vis-a-vis group.

Group dynamics form a basis for group therapy , Politicians and salesmen may make practical exploitations of principles of group dynamics for their own ends. Increasingly, group dynamics are becoming of particular interest because of online, social interaction made possible by the Internet.
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03-09-2012, 03:45 PM

Group Dynamics

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Learning Objectives

Define the term “groups” and discuss why the study of groups is important in managing organizations.
Explain the differences between formal and informal groups.
Trace the stages of development of groups from initial introduction to a mature stage of productivity and control.

Summarize the key factors affecting group performance.
Describe the important dimensions of intergroup behavior.
Identify the key factors in managing conflict in groups and organizations.
Discuss the factors that managers must consider in managing groups in organizations.

A Closer Look at the Definition of Group

The definition does not state that group members must share a goal or motivation.
The definition suggests a limit on group size.
A collection of people so large that its members cannot interact with and influence one another does not meet this definition.
In reality, the dynamics of large assemblies of people usually differ significantly from those of small groups.

Formal Groups

Formal groups are established by the organization to do its work.
Formal groups include:
The command group, which is a relatively permanent, formal group with functional reporting responsibility.
The task group, which is a relatively temporary, formal group established to do a specific task.

Informal Groups

Informal groups are formed by their members
Informal groups include:
Friendship groups, which arise out of the cordial relationships among group members.
Interest groups, which are organized around a common activity or interest.

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17-12-2012, 01:26 PM

Group Dynamics

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A group can be defined as several individuals who come together to accomplish a particular task or goal. Group dynamics refers to the attitudinal and behavioral characteristics of a group. Group dynamics concern how groups form, their structure and process, and how they function. Group dynamics are relevant in both formal and informal groups of all types. In an organizational setting, groups are a very common organizational entity and the study of groups and group dynamics is an important area of study in organizational behavior.



According to Tuckman's theory, there are five stages of group development: forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. During these stages group members must address several issues and the way in which these issues are resolved determines whether the group will succeed in accomplishing its tasks.
1.Forming. This stage is usually characterized by some confusion and uncertainty. The major goals of the group have not been established. The nature of the task or leadership of the group has not been determined (Luthans, 2005). Thus, forming is an orientation period when members get to know one another and share expectations about the group. Members learn the purpose of the group as well as the rules to be followed. The forming stage should not be rushed because trust and openness must be developed. These feelings strengthen in later stages of development. Individuals are often confused during this stage because roles are not clear and there may not be a strong leader.
2.Storming. In this stage, the group is likely to see the highest level of disagreement and conflict. Members often challenge group goals and struggle for power. Individuals often vie for the leadership position during this stage of development. This can be a positive experience for all groups if members can achieve cohesiveness through resolution. Members often voice concern and criticism in this phase. If members are not able to resolve the conflict, then the group will often disband or continue in existence but will remain ineffective and never advance to the other stages.
3.Norming. This stage is characterized by the recognition of individual differences and shared expectations. Hopefully, at this stage the group members will begin to develop a feeling of group cohesion and identity. Cooperative effort should begin to yield results. Responsibilities are divided among members and the group decides how it will evaluate progress.
4.Performing. Performing, occurs when the group has matured and attains a feeling of cohesiveness. During this stage of development, individuals accept one another and conflict is resolved through group discussion. Members of the group make decisions through a rational process that is focused on relevant goals rather than emotional issues.
5.Adjourning. Not all groups experience this stage of development because it is characterized by the disbandment of the group. Some groups are relatively permanent (Luthans, 2005). Reasons that groups disband vary, with common reasons being the accomplishment of the task or individuals deciding to go their own ways. Members of the group often experience feelings of closure and sadness as they prepare to leave.

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