Microcontroller to Sensor Interfacing Techniques
Thread Rating:
  • 0 Vote(s) - 0 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
project report helper
Active In SP
**

Posts: 2,270
Joined: Sep 2010
#1
01-11-2010, 10:57 AM



.doc   sar.doc (Size: 659.5 KB / Downloads: 144)
Microcontroller to Sensor Interfacing Techniques

INTERFACING
Interfacing is a term used in electronics when different electronic devices are attached. The term is commonly used when attaching memory chips. Interfacing also often refers to the connection of peripheral devices to computers



MICROCONTROLLER


Overview

Micro-controllers are useful to the extent that they communicate with other devices, such as sensors,
motors, switches, keypads, displays, memory and even other micro-controllers.

Many interface methods have been developed over the years to solve the complex problem of balancing
circuit design criteria such as features, cost, size, weight, power consumption, reliability, availability,
manufacturability.

Many microcontroller designs typically mix multiple interfacing methods. In a very simplistic form, a micro-
controller system can be viewed as a system that reads from (monitors) inputs, performs processing and
writes to ( controls ) outputs.



Reply
seminar class
Active In SP
**

Posts: 5,361
Joined: Feb 2011
#2
22-02-2011, 09:41 AM

Microcontroller Interfacing Techniques
Overview

Micro-controllers are useful to the extent that they communicate with other devices, such as
sensors, motors, switches, keypads, displays, memory and even other micro-controllers.
Many interface methods have been developed over the years to solve the complex problem of
balancing circuit design criteria such as features, cost, size, weight, power consumption,
reliability, availability, manufacturability.
Many microcontroller designs typically mix multiple interfacing methods. In a very simplistic
form, a micro-controller system can be viewed as a system that reads from (monitors) inputs,
performs processing and writes to ( controls ) outputs.
Parallel Bus
Consists of multiple digital inputs/outputs. Most common types:
•4-bit
•8-bit ( e.g. Centronics )
•16-bit ( e.g. ISA )
•32-bit ( e.g. PCI )
Serial Buses
I2C ( Inter Integrated Circuit bus )
2-wire interface with one master and multiple slaves ( multi-master configurations possible ).
Originated by Philips Semiconductor in the early 80’s to connect a microcontroller to peripheral
devices in TV sets.
Signals: DATA (SDA), CLOCK (SCL) and Ground. SDA is always bi-directional; SCL is bidirectional
only in multi-master mode.
Maximum allowable capacitance on the lines is 400 pF. Typical device capacitance is 10 pF.
To start the communications, the bus master (typically a microcontroller) places the address of
the device with which it intends to communicate (the slave) on the bus. All slave devices monitor
the bus to determine if the master device is sending their address. Only the device with the
correct address communicates with the master.
Start and Stop
An I2C master prepares to communicate with a slave device first by generating a Start condition
on the bus. Start condition is defined as SDA signal going low while SCL signal is high. Stop
condition is defined as SDA going high while SCL is high.
Data Validity
Data can change while the clock is low. Data should remain stable while the clock is going high.
SPI ( Serial Peripheral Interface )
4-wire interface with one master and multiple slaves. Signals: DATA IN, DATA OUT, CLOCK, CS
( Chip Select )
Originated by Motorola, SPI bus is a relatively simple synchronous serial interface for connecting
low speed external devices using minimal number of wires. A synchronous clock shifts serial
data into and out of the microcontrollers in blocks of 8 bits.
SPI bus is a master/slave interface. Whenever two devices communicate, one is referred to as
the "master" and the other as the "slave" device. The master drives the serial clock. SPI is full
duplex: Data is simultaneously transmitted and received.
1-wire
Originated by Dallas Semiconductor ( now part of MAXIM ) to address a variety of peripherals,
sensors, and memory chips from a single wire interface ( DATA and Ground ). One signal wire
carries both operating power and signal. Usually the network is built using a wire pair where one
wire carries the signal and power and the other wire is ground. The system is sensitive to the
right timing to operate well.

download full report
bipomapplications/micro_interfacing.pdf
Reply

Important Note..!

If you are not satisfied with above reply ,..Please

ASK HERE

So that we will collect data for you and will made reply to the request....OR try below "QUICK REPLY" box to add a reply to this page

Quick Reply
Message
Type your reply to this message here.


Image Verification
Please enter the text contained within the image into the text box below it. This process is used to prevent automated spam bots.
Image Verification
(case insensitive)

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  microcontroller based power theft identification ppt jaseelati 0 194 06-02-2015, 03:29 PM
Last Post: jaseelati
  actinometer sensor jaseelati 0 129 05-02-2015, 02:31 PM
Last Post: jaseelati
  ir sensor in proteus jaseelati 0 114 30-12-2014, 01:13 PM
Last Post: jaseelati
  MOLDING TECHNIQUES AND ITS MACHINES MANUFACTURERS ppt seminar projects maker 0 395 26-09-2013, 12:23 PM
Last Post: seminar projects maker
  Welding Procedures and Techniques study tips 0 347 24-06-2013, 04:26 PM
Last Post: study tips
  Hybrid Design Electrothermal Polymeric Microgripper with Integrated Force Sensor pdf study tips 0 462 20-06-2013, 03:23 PM
Last Post: study tips
  Recent Advances in MEMS Sensor Technology—Thermo-fluid and Electro-magnetic Devices study tips 0 516 02-05-2013, 12:32 PM
Last Post: study tips
  Mass Airflow Sensor computer science crazy 2 1,898 12-03-2013, 09:40 AM
Last Post: study tips
  VARIOUS SENSOR USED IN AUTOMOBILE PPT study tips 0 915 23-02-2013, 10:20 AM
Last Post: study tips
  mass airflow sensor computer science crazy 3 7,692 07-02-2013, 10:10 AM
Last Post: Guest