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REMOTE OPERATED FORK LIFT.doc (Size: 904.5 KB / Downloads: 41)
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In general the forklift can be defined as a tool capable of lifting hundreds of kilograms. A forklift is a vehicle similar to a small truck that has two metal forks on the front used to lift cargo. The forklift operator drives the forklift forward until the forks push under the cargo, and can then lift the cargo several feet in the air by operating the forks. The forks, also known as blades or tines, are usually made out of steel and can lift up to a few tons.
Forklifts are either powered by gasoline, propane, or electricity. Electric forklifts relay on batteries to operate. Gasoline or propane forklifts are sometimes stronger or faster than electric forklifts, but they are more difficult to maintain, and fuel can be costly. Electric forklifts are great for warehouse use because they do not give off noxious fumes like gas powered machines do.
Forklifts are most often used in warehouses, but some are meant to be used outdoors. The vast majority of rough terrain forklifts operate on gasoline, but some use diesel or natural gas. Rough terrain forklifts have the highest lifting capacity of all forklifts and heavy duty tires (like those found on trucks), making it possible to drive them on uneven surfaces outdoors.
It is important for forklift operators to follow all safety precautions when using a forklift. Drivers should be careful not to exceed the forklift's weight capacity. Forklift operators also need to be able to handle forklift's rear wheel steering. Driving a forklift is similar to driving a car in reverse, meaning that the driver must constantly steer to keep it moving in a straight line. The driver must be aware of the forklift's ever-changing center of gravity and avoid making any quick sharp turns or going too fast. It is advisable that anyone who operates a forklift be fully trained and licensed.
Forklifts have revolutionized warehouse work. They made it possible for one person to move thousands of pounds at once. Well-maintained and safely operated forklifts make lifting and transporting cargo infinitely easier. This is the general description of a normal forklift truck. To enhances the technology further, this prototype module is constructed with remote technology, there by the operator can walk along with the forklift for better visibility & the container can be placed accurately (precision position). This increases the safety of the operator.
The mechanical structure of this prototype module is constructed with square metal pipes, this structure looks like a rectangular box & the vertical moving mechanism that contains metal forks is assembled over the structure at front side. Since it operates through a remote, it doesn’t contain any steering mechanism. The entire vehicle is designed to drive through four wheels, & four motors are used to drive all the four wheels directly. Two left side motors of front and rear are connected parallel, similarly the other two motors used to drive right side front and rear wheels are also connected parallel. All these four motors are driven through a single ‘H’ bridge DC motor drive package. All the four wheels are directly coupled to the motor shafts independently. The DC Motors are having reduction gear mechanism internally, there by speed is reduced and torque is increased. The detailed description is provided in following chapters.
The fundamental concept involved in the system is to create mechanical movements in the forklift according to the command signals generated and transmitted through the remote designed with RF module. In this concept, the command signal information produced through an activated key interfaced with data transmitting controller, & and accordingly based on the digital code generated by the controller chip, the data is super imposed over the carrier & transmitted as modulated signal. The received signal is demodulated through RF receiver module & the output is fed to another microcontroller unit arranged over the forklift. This controller is programmed to control the motors through H Bridge. This process is called Radio communication, and it is the process of sending information from one place and receiving it in another place without using any connecting wires. It is also called as wireless communication system. In general Radio waves are produced by rapidly changing currents flowing through a conductor. These radio waves spread out in space like ripples produced on the surface of a pond when a stone is dropped in the water. When these fast moving radio waves strike some other conductor placed in their path at a distant point, they produce in the second conductor weak currents of the same nature as the original current which produced these radio waves. Thus a communication link will be established between two distant points. In this project and implimentation work this communication system is playing active roll it is essential to describe the system well, there fore it is described in detail in following chapters.
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