Project Report On CUSTOMER SATISFACTION
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Centre for Management Technology
Knowledge Park I Gr. Noida
Private banking is a concept which is new and fast emerging in the world of banking where changes have become a necessity in order for banks to survive in this competitive environment vis-à-vis not only from the public and private sector banks but also from the foreign banks. The objective of the research is to explore the various products, which a private banker deals into and the systematic process involved to match client requirements with the right kind of product.
Through this research one of the main objectives is to explore the reason why most of the banks are injecting private banking as business profile to their set of service offerings.
Though private banking evolved in late 80’s in Asia, in India its not more than 5 years old. ICICI started it in Aug 2002 and since then it has been a remarkable success. Today there are enormous solutions to cater client needs but what suits best to a client is where private banking fits in. Every client will have different needs, liking and preferences. So a customized portfolio for every client is the need of the day.
This research will highlight more on the product portfolio of ICICI Private Banking, how they have changed or innovatively structured to be attractive and competitive.
The banking section will navigate through all the aspects of the Banking System in India. It will discuss upon the matters with the birth of the banking concept in the country to new players adding their names in the industry in coming few years.
The banker of all banks, Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the Indian Banks Association (IBA) and top 20 banks like IDBI, HSBC, ICICI, ABN AMRO, etc. has been well defined under three separate heads with one page dedicated to each bank.
However, in the introduction part of the entire banking cosmos, the past has been well explained under three different heads namely:
History of Banking in India
Nationalization of Banks in India
Scheduled Commercial Banks in India
The first deals with the history part since the dawn of banking system in India. Government took major step in the 1969 to put the banking sector into systems and it nationalized 14 private banks in the mentioned year. This has been elaborated in Nationalization Banks in India. The last but not the least explains about the scheduled and unscheduled banks in India. Section 42 (6) (a) of RBI Act 1934 lays down the condition of scheduled commercial banks. The descriptions along with a list of scheduled commercial banks are given on this page.
HISTORY OF BANKING IN INDIA
Without a sound and effective banking system in India it cannot have a healthy economy. The banking system of India should not only be hassle free but it should be able to meet new challenges posed by the technology and any other external and internal factors.
For the past three decades India's banking system has several outstanding achievements to its credit. The most striking is its extensive reach. It is no longer confined to only metropolitans or cosmopolitans in India. In fact, Indian banking system has reached even to the remote corners of the country. This is one of the main reasons of India's growth process.
The government's regular policy for Indian bank since 1969 has paid rich dividends with the nationalization of 14 major private banks of India.
Not long ago, an account holder had to wait for hours at the bank counters for getting a draft or for withdrawing his own money. Today, he has a choice. Gone are days when the most efficient bank transferred money from one branch to other in two days. Now it is simple as instant messaging or dial a pizza. Money have become the order of the day.
The first bank in India, though conservative, was established in 1786. From 1786 till today, the journey of Indian Banking System can be segregated into three distinct phases. They are as mentioned below:
Early phase from 1786 to 1969 of Indian Banks
Nationalization of Indian Banks and up to 1991 prior to Indian banking sector Reforms.
New phase of Indian Banking System with the advent of Indian Financial & Banking Sector Reforms after 1991.
To make this write-up more explanatory, I prefix the scenario as Phase I, Phase II and Phase III.
The General Bank of India was set up in the year 1786. Next came Bank of Hindustan and Bengal Bank. The East India Company established Bank of Bengal (1809), Bank of Bombay (1840) and Bank of Madras (1843) as independent units and called it Presidency Banks. These three banks were amalgamated in 1920 and Imperial Bank of India was established which started as private shareholders banks, mostly Europeans shareholders.
In 1865 Allahabad Bank was established and first time exclusively by Indians, Punjab National Bank Ltd. was set up in 1894 with headquarters at Lahore. Between 1906 and 1913, Bank of India, Central Bank of India, Bank of Baroda, Canara Bank, Indian Bank, and Bank of Mysore were set up. Reserve Bank of India came in 1935.
During the first phase the growth was very slow and banks also experienced periodic failures between 1913 and 1948. There were approximately 1100 banks, mostly small. To streamline the functioning and activities of commercial banks, the Government of India came up with The Banking Companies Act, 1949 which was later changed to Banking Regulation Act 1949 as per amending Act of 1965 (Act No. 23 of 1965). Reserve Bank of India was vested with extensive powers for the supervision of banking in India as the Central Banking Authority.
During those day’s public has lesser confidence in the banks. As an aftermath deposit mobilization was slow. Abreast of it the savings bank facility provided by the Postal department was comparatively safer. Moreover, funds were largely given to traders.
Government took major steps in this Indian Banking Sector Reform after independence. In 1955, it nationalized Imperial Bank of India with extensive banking facilities on a large scale especially in rural and semi-urban areas. It formed State Bank of India to act as the principal agent of RBI and to handle banking transactions of the Union and State Governments all over the country.
Seven banks forming subsidiary of State Bank of India was nationalized in 1960 on 19th July, 1969, major process of nationalization was carried out. It was the effort of the then Prime Minister of India, Mrs. Indira Gandhi. 14 major commercial banks in the country was nationalized.
Second phase of nationalization Indian Banking Sector Reform was carried out in 1980 with seven more banks. This step brought 80% of the banking segment in India under Government ownership.
The following are the steps taken by the Government of India to Regulate Banking Institutions in the Country:
1949: Enactment of Banking Regulation Act.
1955: Nationalization of State Bank of India.
1959: Nationalization of SBI subsidiaries.
1961: Insurance cover extended to deposits.
1969: Nationalization of 14 major banks.
1971: Creation of credit guarantee corporation.
1975: Creation of regional rural banks.
1980: Nationalization of seven banks with deposits over 200 crore.
After the nationalization of banks, the branches of the public sector bank India rose to approximately 800% in deposits and advances took a huge jump by 11,000%.
Banking in the sunshine of Government ownership gave the public implicit faith and immense confidence about the sustainability of these institutions.
This phase has introduced many more products and facilities in the banking sector in its reforms measure. In 1991, under the chairmanship of M Narasimham, a committee was set up by his name which worked for the liberalization of banking practices.
The country is flooded with foreign banks and their ATM stations. Efforts are being put to give a satisfactory service to customers. Phone banking and net banking is introduced. The entire system became more convenient and swift. Time is given more importance than money.
The financial system of India has shown a great deal of resilience. It is sheltered from any crisis triggered by any external macroeconomics shock as other East Asian Countries suffered. This is all due to a flexible exchange rate regime, the foreign reserves are high, the capital account is not yet fully convertible, and banks and their customers have limited foreign exchange exposure.
BANKS IN INDIA
In India the banks are being segregated in different groups. Each group has their own benefits and limitations in operating in India. Each has their own dedicated target market. Few of them only work in rural sector while others in both rural as well as urban. Many even are only catering in cities. Some are of Indian origin and some are foreign players.
All these details and many more is discussed over here. The banks and its relation with the customers, their mode of operation, the names of banks under different groups and other such useful information’s are talked about.
One more section has been taken note of is the upcoming foreign banks in India. The RBI has shown certain interest to involve more of foreign banks than the existing one recently. This step has paved a way for few more foreign banks to start business in India.
PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS:
Private banking in India was practiced since the beginning of banking system in India. The first private bank in India to be set up in Private Sector Banks in India was IndusInd Bank. It is one of the fastest growing Bank Private Sector Banks in India. IDBI ranks the tenth largest development bank in the world as Private Banks in India and has promoted world class institutions in India.
The first Private Bank in India to receive an in principle approval from the Reserve Bank of India was Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited, to set up a bank in the private sector banks in India as part of the RBI's liberalization of the Indian Banking Industry. It was incorporated in August 1994 as HDFC Bank Limited with registered office in Mumbai and commenced operations as Scheduled Commercial Bank in January 1995.
ING Vysya, yet another Private Bank of India was incorporated in the year 1930. Bangalore has a pride of place for having the first branch inception in the year 1934. With successive years of patronage and constantly setting new standards in banking, ING Vysya Bank has many credits to its account.
ICICI Bank (formerly Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India). ICICI Limited was established in 1955 by the World Bank, the Government of India and the Indian Industry, for the promotion of industrial development in India by giving project and implimentation and corporate finance to the industries in India.
ICICI Bank has grown from a development bank to a financial conglomerate and has become one of the largest public financial institutions in India. ICICI Bank has financed all the major sectors of the economy, covering 6,848 companies and 16,851 project and implimentations. As of March 31, 2000, ICICI had disbursed a total of Rs.1,13,070 crores, since inception.
ICICI Bank Fact Files:
Total assets: Rs.146,214 crore (December 31, 2004)
Network: 530 branches
ATMs: Over 1,880
Abroad Subsidiaries: United Kingdom and Canada
Abroad branches: Singapore and Bahrain
Representative offices: United States, China, United Arab Emirates, and Bangladesh and South Africa.
ICICI Bank is India's second-largest bank with total assets of about Rs. 2,513.89 bn (US$ 56.3 bn) at March 31, 2006 and profit after tax of Rs. 25.40 bn (US$ 569 mn) for the year ended March 31, 2006 (Rs. 20.05 bn (US$ 449 mn) for the year ended March 31, 2005). ICICI Bank has a network of about 614 branches and extension counters and over 2,200 ATMs. ICICI Bank offers a wide range of banking products and financial services to corporate and retail customers through a variety of delivery channels and through its specialized subsidiaries and affiliates in the areas of investment banking, life and non-life insurance, venture capital and asset management. ICICI Bank set up its international banking group in fiscal 2002 to cater to the cross border needs of clients and leverage on its domestic banking strengths to offer products internationally.
ICICI Bank (BSE: ICICI) ( Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India) is India's largest private sector bank in market capitalization and second largest overall in terms of assets. Bank has total assets of about USD 100 billion (at the end of March 2008), a network of over 1,491 branches, 22 regional offices and 49 regional processing centers, about 4,485 ATMs (at the end of September 2008), and 24 million customers (at the end of July 2007). ICICI Bank offers a wide range of banking products and financial services to corporate and retail customers through a variety of delivery channels and specialized subsidiaries and affiliates in the areas of investment banking, life and non-life insurance, venture capital and asset management. (These data are dynamic.) ICICI Bank is also the largest issuer of credit cards in India. ICICI Bank has got its equity shares listed on the stock exchanges at Kolkata and Vadodara, Mumbai and the National Stock Exchange of India Limited, and its ADRs on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
The Bank is expanding in overseas markets and has the largest international balance sheet among Indian banks. ICICI Bank now has wholly-owned subsidiaries, branches and representatives offices in 18 countries, including an offshore unit in Mumbai. This includes wholly owned subsidiaries in Canada, Russia and the UK (the subsidiary through which the hisave savings brand is operated), offshore banking units in Bahrain and Singapore, an advisory branch in Dubai, branches in Belgium, Hong Kong and Sri Lanka, and representative offices in Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, Indonesia, South Africa, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates and USA. Overseas, the Bank is targeting the NRI (Non-Resident Indian) population in particular.
ICICI reported a 1.15% rise in net profit to Rs. 1,014.21 crore on a 1.29% increase in total income to Rs. 9,712.31 crore in Q2 September 2008 over Q2 September 2007. The bank's current and savings account (CASA) ratio increased to 30% in 2008 from 25% in 2007.
ICICI Bank currently has subsidiaries in the United Kingdom, Russia and Canada, branches in Singapore, Bahrain, Hong Kong, Sri Lanka and Dubai International Finance Center and representative offices in the United States, United Arab Emirates, China, South Africa and Bangladesh. Our UK subsidiary has established a branch in Belgium. ICICI Bank is the most valuable bank in India in terms of market capitalization.
ICICI Bank's equity shares are listed in India on the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange of India Limited and its American Depositary Receipts (ADRs) are listed on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
ICICI Bank has formulated a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics for its Directors and employees. At June 5, 2006, ICICI Bank, with free float market capitalization of about Rs. 480.00 billion (US$ 10.8 billion) ranked third amongst all the companies listed on the Indian stock exchanges.
ICICI Bank was originally promoted in 1994 by ICICI Limited, an Indian financial Institution, and was its wholly owned subsidiary. ICICI's shareholding in ICICI Bank was reduced to 46% through a public offering of shares in India in fiscal 1998, an equity offering in the form of ADRs listed on the NYSE in fiscal 2000, ICICI Bank's acquisition of Bank of Madura Limited in an all-stock amalgamation in fiscal 2001, and secondary market sales by ICICI to institutional investors in fiscal 2001 and fiscal 2002. ICICI was formed in 1955 at the initiative of The World Bank, the Government of India and representatives of Indian industry.
The principal objective was to create a development financial institution for Providing medium-term and long-term project and implimentation financing to Indian businesses. In the 1990s, ICICI transformed its business from a development financial institution offering only project and implimentation finance to a diversified financial service group offering a wide variety of products and services, both directly and through a number of subsidiaries and affiliates like ICICI Bank. In 1999, ICICI become the first Indian company and the first bank or financial institution from non-Japan Asia to be listed on the NYSE.
In October 2001, the Boards of Directors of ICICI and ICICI Bank approved the merger of ICICI and two of its wholly owned retail finance subsidiaries, ICICI Personal Financial Services Limited and ICICI Capital Services Limited, with ICICI Bank. The merger was approved by shareholders of ICICI and ICICI Bank in January 2002, by the High Court of Gujarat at Ahmadabad in March 2002, and by the High Court of Judicature at Mumbai and the Reserve Bank of India in April 2002. Consequent to the merger, the ICICI group's financing and banking Operations, both wholesale and retail, have been integrated in a single entity.
Free float holding excludes all promoter holdings, strategic investments and Cross holdings among public sector entities.
Data Collection Techniques:
This project and implimentation consists of two parts.
The first part is a study of the banking industry, ICICI Bank using secondary data sources. This secondary information has been sourced from the internet and from business related magazines and newspapers.
The second part of the study has been done using an exploratory research process and a structured questionnaire was developed for this purpose. For the collection of primary data this was the only method used. The reason I used this method is because a need was felt for the free influx of information about the products. Also this method allowed the use of skills gained in class.
The population considered for the purpose of the survey was people residing in Delhi and the National Capital Region (NCR).
Sampling Technique Used:
Since the information required was not of a very technical nature and also looking at the scope of the project and implimentation and the extent of the target segment, the sampling technique employed was Convenience Sampling. I administered the questionnaires.
I have restricted the sample size to 50 respondents. This was done keeping in mind the time constraints and the fact that I felt that this number would be enough to serve the information needs required to show the trends.
Customer satisfaction is equivalent to making sure that product and service performance meets customer expectations. It is the perception of the customer that the outcome of a business transaction is equal to or greater than his/her expectation. Customer satisfaction occurs when the acquisition of products and /or services provides a minimum negative departure from expectations when compared with other acquisitions and when the marginal utility of a transaction is equal to or greater than preceding acquisitions.
Customer satisfaction occurs when the perception of the reward from the purchase of goods or services by the customer meets or exceeds his/her perceived sacrifice. The perception is a consequence of matching past purchase and consumption experience with the current purchase.
Customer Service and Satisfaction:
When we talk about customer service and/or satisfaction, we talk about creativity. Creativity allows us to handle or diffuse problems at hand or later on rather in the process of conducting the everyday business. We talk about how, or what, does the organization have to do to gain not only the sale but also the loyalty of the customer. We want to know the payoff of the transaction both in the short and long term. We want to know what our customers Want? We want to know if our customers are satisfied. Satisfaction, Of course, means that what we delivered to a customer met the customer’s Approval. We want to know if customers are delighted and willing to come
Back, and so on. Fleiss 2 and Feldman 3 present examples of that delightfulness in their writings. Fleiss has written about Ben and Jerry’s ice cream and Feldman has discussed excellence in a cab ride. As important as delightfulness is, some of us minimize it, or even totally disregard it. At this point, we fail. Some of the issues that will guarantee failure in sales, satisfaction, and loyalty are:
Employees must adhere to a rigid chain of command
Employees are closely supervised
Conflict—in whatever form—is not allowed
Rewards are based on carrot-and-stick principles
Wrong objectives are measure.
We must understand customer expectation levels concerning quality. We must also understand the strategy for customer service quality, and next we must understand the measurement and feedback cycles of Customer satisfaction.
The customer is the person or unit receiving the output of a process on the system. In fact, it is worth emphasizing that a customer can be the immediate, intermediate, or ultimate customer. Also, a customer may be a person or persons, or a process or processes. Customer satisfaction, however, is when the customer is satisfied with a product/service that meets the customer’s needs, wants, and expectations.
There are at least three levels of customer expectations about quality:
Level 1. Expectations are very simple and take the form of assumptions, must have, or take it for granted. For example, I expect the airline to be able to take off, fly to my destination, and land safely. I expect to get the correct blood for my blood transfusion and I expect the bank to deposit my money to my account and to keep a correct tally for me.
Level 2. Expectations are a step higher than that of level 1 and they require some form of satisfaction through meeting the requirements and/or specifications. For example, I expect to be treated courteously by all airline personnel. I went to the hospital expecting to have my hernia repaired, to be in some pain after it was done, to be out on the same day, and to receive a correct bill. And I went to the bank expecting the bank teller to be friendly, informative, and helpful with my transactions.
Level 3. Expectations are much higher than for levels 1 and 2. Level 3 requires some kind of delightfulness or a service that is so good that it attracts me to it. For example, an airline gives passengers traveling coach class the same superior food service that other airlines provide only for first-class passengers. In fact, I once took a flight where the flight attendants actually baked
cookies for us right there on the plane. When I went to the hospital, I expected staff to treat me with respect and they carefully explained things to me. But I was surprised when they called me at home the next day to find out how I was doing. And at my house closing, the bank officer, representing the bank holding my mortgage, not only treated me with respect and answered all my questions about my new mortgage, but just before we shook hands to close the deal, he gave me a housewarming gift.
Customer satisfaction surveys help to:
Improve customer, client, or employee loyalty.
React quickly to changes in the market.
Identify and capitalize on opportunities.
Beat the competition.
Retain or gain market share.
COMPANY’S EFFORT TO ENSURE SATISFACTION OF CUSTOMERS:
Objectives of ICICI
Promote good and fair banking practices by setting minimum standards in dealing with you
Increase transparency so that you can have a better understanding of what you can reasonably expect of the services;
Encourage market forces, through competition, to achieve higher operating standards;
Promote a fair and cordial relationship between you and your bank;
Foster confidence in the banking system
To Help You To Understand How Our Financial Products And Services Work By:
Giving you information about them in any one or more of the following languages: Hindi, English or the appropriate local language.
Ensuring that our advertising and promotional literature is clear and not misleading
Ensuring that you are given clear information about our products and services, the terms and conditions and the interest rates/service charges, which apply to them.
Giving you information on what are the benefits to you, how you can avail of the benefits, what are their financial implications and whom you can contact for addressing you queries .
To Help You Use Your Account Or Service By:
Providing you regular appropriate updates.
Keeping you informed about changes in the interest rates, charges or terms and conditions.
You can get information on interest rates, common fees and charges through any one of the following:
Looking at the notices in our branches ;
Phoning our branches or help-lines;
Looking on our website;
Asking our designated staff/help desk ;or
Referring to the service guide/Tariff Schedule.
Before You Become a Customer we will:
give you clear information explaining the key features of the services and products you tell us you are interested in;
give you information on any type of products and services which we offer and that may suit your needs;
tell you if we offer products and services in more than one way [for example, through
ATMs, on the Internet, over the phone, in branches and so on] and tell you how to find out more about them;
tell you what information we need from you to prove your identity and address, for us to comply with legal, regulatory and internal policy requirements.
Advertising, Marketing and Sales
We will make sure that all advertising and promotional material is clear, and not misleading.
In any advertising in any media and promotional literature that draws attention to banking service or product and includes a reference to an interest rate, we will also indicate whether other fees and charges will apply and that full details of the relevant terms and conditions are available on request.
If we avail of the services of third parties for providing support services, we will require that such third parties handle your personal information (if any available to such third parties) with the same degree of confidentiality and security as we would.
We may, from time to time, communicate to you various features of our products availed by you. Information about our other products or promotional offers in respect of our products/services, will be conveyed to you only if you have given your consent to receive such information/ service either by mail or by registering for the same on our website or on our phone banking/customer service number.
We have prescribed a code of conduct for our Direct Selling Agencies (DSAs) whose services we may avail to market our products/ services which amongst other matters requires them to identify themselves when they approach you for selling our products personally or through phone.
In the event of receipt of any complaint from you that our representative/courier or DSA has engaged in any improper conduct or acted in violation of this Code, we shall take appropriate steps to investigate and to handle the complaint and to make good the loss.
Privacy and Confidentiality
We will treat all your personal information as private and confidential [even when you are no longer a customer], and shall be guided by the following principles and policies.