SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Thread Rating:
  • 0 Vote(s) - 0 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
seminar projects crazy
Active In SP
**

Posts: 604
Joined: Dec 2008
#1
30-01-2009, 05:11 PM


In early times, the disposal of human and other wastes did not pose a significant problem, for the population was small and the amount of land available for the assimilation of wastes was large .Now due to rapid population growth and economic development in the country-Solid waste disposal has become a major environmental issue in India. Solid waste, often called the third pollution after air and water pollution, is that material which arises from various human activities and which is normally discarded as useless or unwanted it consists of the highly heterogeneous mass of discarded materials from the urban community as well as the more homogeneous accumulation of agricultural, industrial and mining wastes. In India authentic information regarding the composition of urban waste is not generally available,as regular analysis of the refuse is not carried out by the munipalities. Infact, refuse very heterogeneous in composition, and the geographical, temporal and seasonal variations in its composition make it difficult to define?typical refuse?. The main constituents of urban wastes are similar through out the world, but the weight generated, the density and the proportion of constituents vary widely from country to country and from town to town with in a country according to level of economic development, geographic location, weather and social conditions. Similary the density of refuse in India is much higher than that of refuse generated in the cities of Western countries because of inclusion in it of the street sweepings.MSW in cities is collected and transported to designated disposal sites, which are normally low lying areas on out-skirts of the city. Open dumping of garbage facilitates the breeding for disease vectors such as flies,mosquitoes,rats and other pests. The municipalities in India therefore face the challenge of reinforcing their available infrastructure for efficient municipal solid waste management and ensuring the scientific disposal of MSW by generating enough revenues either from generators or by identifying activities that generate resources from waste management.
Use Search at http://topicideas.net/search.php wisely To Get Information About Project Topic and Seminar ideas with report/source code along pdf and ppt presenaion
Reply
seminar class
Active In SP
**

Posts: 5,361
Joined: Feb 2011
#2
14-04-2011, 12:08 PM

Presented By:
Vaishali Sharma


.pptx   waste management-envs.pptx (Size: 2.59 MB / Downloads: 590)
Solid Waste Management
What Is Waste..?

 Waste (also known as rubbish, trash, refuse, garbage, or junk) is unwanted or unusable materials.
 According to United Nations Statistics Division(UNSD) it is defined as
"Wastes are materials that are not prime products (that is products produced for the market) for which the generator has no further use in terms of his/her own purposes of production, transformation or consumption, and of which he/she wants to dispose. Wastes may be generated during the extraction of raw materials, the processing of raw materials into intermediate and final products, the consumption of final products, and other human activities. Residuals recycled or reused at the place of generation are excluded."
Types:
 Municipal Solid Waste(MSW)
 Construction Waste
 Industrial Waste
 Medical Waste
 Hazardous Waste (Radioactive , Electronic)
Industrial waste
Key Aspects Of Waste Management

 Waste disposal
 Waste processing
 Waste recycling
 Waste minimization
Waste disposal
 Land filling
 Composting
 Incineration
 Anaerobic digestion
 Mechanical biological treatment
Preventing ground water pollution in a landfill
An adequate lining system is a necessary component for any landfill. The liner is designed as a barrier to intercept leachate and direct it to a collection system to prevent contamination of local groundwater.
Concerns over Incineration
 Incineration recovers energy that would otherwise be lost
 Requires less land
 Reduces odor but…
 Emits dangerous cancer causing compounds called dioxins
Reply
seminar class
Active In SP
**

Posts: 5,361
Joined: Feb 2011
#3
23-04-2011, 09:35 AM


.ppt   solid_waste_mgt_india.ppt (Size: 94 KB / Downloads: 256)
India’s Population = 1027 Million
As per 2001 Census
Urban Population = 285 Million
Urban Areas = 5161
(Cities / Towns)
TREND OF URBANIZATION
Year Year Year Year
1951 1991 2001 2021
1. Number of Urban 2795 3768 5161 --
Agglomerations / Towns
2. Urban Population 62.0 217.0 285.0 550.0
(in million)
3. As percentage of total 17.3% 25.72% 27.8% 41%
Population
MAGNITUDE OF PROBLEM
- Per capita waste generation increasing by 1.3% per annum
- With urban population increasing between 3 – 3.5% per annum
- Yearly increase in waste generation is around 5% annually
India produces 42.0 million tons of municipal solid waste annually at present.
- Per capita generation of waste varies from 200 gm to 600 gm per capita / day. Average generation rate at 0.4 kg per capita per day in 0.1 million plus towns.
- Collection efficiency ranges between 50% to 90% of the solid waste generated.
Urban Local Bodies spend around Rs.500/- to Rs.1500/- per ton on solid waste management of which,
* 60-70% of the amount is on collection alone
* 20% - 30% on transportation
* Hardly any fund is spent on treatment and disposal of waste
- Crude dumping of waste in most of the cities
QUANTITY OF WASTE GENERATION
TOTAL QUANTITY OF SOLID WASTE 1.15 LAKH TONNE
GENERATED IN URBAN AREAS PER DAY (TPD)
OF THE COUNTRY
% OF TOTAL GARBAGE
WASTE GENERATED IN 6 MEGA CITIES 21,100 TPD 18.35%

WASTE GENERATED IN METRO CITIES 19,643 TPD 17.08%
(1 MILLION PLUS TOWNS)
WASTE GENERATED IN OTHER 42,635.28 TPD 37.07%
CLASS-I TOWNS
(0.1 MILLION PLUS TOWNS) ____________ _________
83,378.28 TPD 72.50%
IF WASTE PRODUCED IN ALL CLASS-I CITIES IS TACKLED, PERCENTAGE OF WASTE SCIENTIFICALLY MANAGED WOULD BE 72.5% OF TOTAL WASTE.
Characteristics of Municipal Solid Waste
Compostable / Bio-degradable = 30% - 55%
matter (can be converted into manure)
Inert material = 40% - 45% (to go to landfill)
Recyclable materials = 5% - 10% (Recycling)
These percentages vary from city to city depending on food habits
Reply
shashineel
Active In SP
**

Posts: 3
Joined: Nov 2011
#4
19-11-2011, 12:00 AM

brief seminar and presentation reprt on solid waste management
Reply
seminar addict
Super Moderator
******

Posts: 6,592
Joined: Jul 2011
#5
19-11-2011, 09:22 AM



to get information about the topic"SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT"refer the link bellow

topicideashow-to-solid-waste-management?pid=59004#pid59004
Reply
seminar ideas
Super Moderator
******

Posts: 10,003
Joined: Apr 2012
#6
21-05-2012, 02:04 PM

Solid Waste Management



.ppt   gp 13 Solid Waste Management.ppt (Size: 2.46 MB / Downloads: 234)


Classification of Wastes



Solid waste- vegetable waste, kitchen waste, household waste etc.

E-waste- discarded electronic devices like computer, TV, music systems etc.

Liquid waste- water used for different industries eg tanneries, distillaries, thermal power plants

Plastic waste- plastic bags, bottles, buckets etc.

Metal waste- unused metal sheet, metal scraps etc.

Nuclear waste- unused materials from nuclear power plants



Growth of Solid Waste In India



Waste is growing by leaps & bounds

In 1981-91, population of Mumbai increased from 8.2 million to 12.3 million

During the same period, municipal solid waste has grown from 3200 tonnes to 5355 tonne, an increase of 67%

Waste collection is very low for all Indian cities

City like Bangalore produces 2000 tonnes of waste per annum, the ever increasing waste has put pressure on hygienic condition of the city



Waste Collection in India



Primarily by the city municipality
-No gradation of waste product eg bio-degradable, glasses, polybags, paper shreds etc
-Dumps these wastes to the city outskirts

Local raddiwala / kabadiwala (Rag pickers)
-Collecting small iron pieces by magnets
-Collecting glass bottles
-Collecting paper for recycling


Philadelphia’s Municipal Waste


16 years journey for the cargo ship to eleven countries and four continents

25,000 tonnes of flyash came back to Philadelphia’s garbage dump

Several government refused cargo ships

In 2002, Cargo ship returned back to US

Reply
Guest
Thinking To Register

 
#7
26-07-2012, 08:24 PM

seminar and presentation report on solid waste management
Reply
seminar ideas
Super Moderator
******

Posts: 10,003
Joined: Apr 2012
#8
27-07-2012, 10:17 AM

to get information about the topic "SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT" full report ppt and related topic refer the link bellow

topicideashow-to-solid-waste-management

topicideashow-to-solid-waste-management-in-india

topicideashow-to-solid-waste-management?page=2

topicideashow-to-hospital-waste-management

topicideashow-to-solid-waste-management--2215
Reply

Important Note..!

If you are not satisfied with above reply ,..Please

ASK HERE

So that we will collect data for you and will made reply to the request....OR try below "QUICK REPLY" box to add a reply to this page

Quick Reply
Message
Type your reply to this message here.


Image Verification
Please enter the text contained within the image into the text box below it. This process is used to prevent automated spam bots.
Image Verification
(case insensitive)

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  construction waste recycling full report project report tiger 3 5,646 21-03-2015, 07:15 PM
Last Post: Guest
  SOIL STABILIZATION BY WASTE PLASTIC FIBERS summer project pal 12 20,625 15-12-2014, 09:56 PM
Last Post: Guest
  A PRESENTATION ON Potential Re-use of Plastic Waste in Road Construction: A Review study tips 1 2,453 12-11-2013, 01:01 PM
Last Post: Guest
  Solid Waste Management computer science crazy 4 3,211 06-08-2013, 12:54 PM
Last Post: study tips
  SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT (SWM) ppt study tips 0 719 02-08-2013, 04:00 PM
Last Post: study tips
  Effect of Waste Polymer Materials on Shear Strength of Unsaturated Clays Report study tips 0 610 17-07-2013, 03:24 PM
Last Post: study tips
  Building Maintenance Management System for Heritage Museum pdf study tips 1 1,105 30-05-2013, 10:38 AM
Last Post: Halan
  Environmentally Sound Options for E-Waste Management Report study tips 0 665 17-04-2013, 03:48 PM
Last Post: study tips
  E-Waste Management in India: Issues and Solutions Report study tips 0 649 26-02-2013, 04:44 PM
Last Post: study tips
  Roads from plastic waste pdf study tips 1 1,079 23-02-2013, 02:20 PM
Last Post: Guest