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24-02-2009, 12:07 AM

A new wireless technology could beat fiber optics for speed in some applications. Atop each of the Trump towers in New York City, there s a new type of wireless transmitter and receiver that can send and receive data at rates of more than one gigabit per second -- fast enough to stream 90 minutes of video from one tower to the next, more than one mile apart, in less than six seconds. By comparison, the same video sent over a DSL or cable Internet connection would take almost an hour to download. This system is dubbed WiFiber by its creator, GigaBeam, a Virginia-based telecommunications startup. Although the technology is wireless, the company s approach -- high-speed data transferring across a point-to-point network -- is more of an alternative to fiber optics, than to Wi-Fi or Wi-Max, says John Krzywicki, the company s vice president of marketing. And it s best suited for highly specific data delivery situations. This kind of point-to-point wireless technology could be used in situations where digging fiber-optic trenches would disrupt an environment, their cost be prohibitive, or the installation process take too long, as in extending communications networks in cities, on battlefields, or after a disaster. Blasting beams of data through free space is not a new idea. LightPointe and Proxim Wireless also provide such services. What makes GigaBeam s technology different is that it exploits a different part of the electromagnetic spectrum. Their systems use a region of the spectrum near visible light, at terahertz frequencies. Because of this, weather conditions in which visibility is limited, such as fog or light rain, can hamper data transmission. GigaBeam, however, transmits at 71-76, 81-86, and 92-95 gigahertz frequencies, where these conditions generally do not cause problems. Additionally, by using this region of the spectrum, GigaBeam can outpace traditional wireless data delivery used for most wireless networks. Because so many devices, from Wi-Fi base stations to baby monitors, use the frequencies of 2.4 and 5 gigahertz, those spectrum bands are crowded, and therefore require complex algorithms to sort and route traffic -- both data-consuming endeavors, says Jonathan Wells, GigaBeam s director of product development. With less traffic in the region between 70 to 95 gigahertz, GigaBeam can spend less time routing data, and more time delivering it. And because of the directional nature of the beam, problems of interference, which plague more spread-out signals at the traditional frequencies, are not likely; because the tight beams of data will rarely, if ever, cross each other s paths, data transmission can flow without interference, Wells says. Correction: As a couple of readers pointed out, our title was misleading. Although the emergence of a wireless technology operating in the gigabits per second range is an advance, it does not outperform current fiber-optic lines, which can still send data much faster. Even with its advances, though, Gigabeam faces the same problem as other point-to-point technologies: creating a network with an unbroken sight line. Still, it could offer some businesses an alternative to fiber optics. Currently, a GigaBeam link, which consists of a set of transmitting and receiving radios, costs around $30,000. But Krzywicki says that improving technology is driving down costs. In addition to outfitting the Trump towers, the company has deployed a link on the campuses of Dartmouth College and Boston University, and two links for San Francisco s Public Utility Commission.
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26-04-2011, 12:36 PM

Prepared By:-
Bhatt Drashti H

.pptx   wifiber ppt.pptx (Size: 1.99 MB / Downloads: 149)
WiFiber is a wireless technology which is used for data transmission between two points.
It is used now for high specific data transmission.
WiFiber operates in the 71-76, 81-86, and 92-95GHz frequencies to avoid interference.
It also transmits in a tight beam to avoid overlap.
WiFiber technology supports of data rate 2.7 Gbps.
Why Wifiber…..?
As Optical Fiber lacks in:
(i) Price
(iii)Affected by chemicals
(v)Requires special skills
Almost all wireless technologies uses the data transmission frequency around or lesser than 5 GHz. Hence, there is a huge traffic forms in such a range.
We need a better and advanced technology which is capable of high data transmission and can be used in high specific delivery conditions.
It exploits a different part of the electromagnetic spectrum.
GigaBeam spend less time routing data, and more time delivering it.
The tight beams of data having directional nature will rarely, if ever, cross each other's paths, data transmission can flow without interference.
Its Working…..
Full duplex & point to point line of sight.
Wireless transmitters that send traditional signals are made of silicon
It permits high-speed data rates, where molecules in the atmosphere absorb energy at certain frequencies.
It exploits those frequencies that are less susceptible to absorption by air and water molecules.
System: Frequency Range: 71-76 GHz
(paired with 81 ± 86 GHz.)
Frequency Stabilization: + 4 ppm.
Frequency Source: Synthesized, software programmable.
Transmitter: Output power: 20 dBm
Receiver: Threshold (10-6 BER): -57 dBm.
System Noise Figure: -7 dB.
Antenna: Size and Type: 2 ft (60 cm)
Weight: 37 lb (17 kg).  
Gain: 50 dBi @ 73.5 GHz.
Beam widths: 0.4´ @ 73.5 GHz
  Electrical: Input voltage range: -48 V DC 25%.
Power Consumption: 28 W.
Dual Power Supplies: Redundant, single or independency connected.
Operating Environment:
Operating temp. range: -33 to + 55 ºC.
Altitude: To 15,000 ft (4,500 m).
Humidity: to 95% non-condensing.
Companies are using products developed for the E-band frequencies (71-76GHz, 81-86 GHz, 92-95 GHz)
Government Offices: Federal, State, and Local Department of Homeland Security
Enterprises and Businesses
Wireless Service Providers, both mobile and fixed network ( Wi-Fi , Wi -Max) operators
International Enterprises and Service Providers
Educational Institutions
Microwave Satellite technologies, Inc (MST), has purchased 5 Wifiber wireless fiber links from GigaBeam
Plans deployment of future products capable of 10 Gigabits-per-second
Wifiber G-2.7 series of wireless fiber links is designed to operate at 2.7 Gigabits-per-second, the highest speed currently available for commercial licensed spectrum wireless links.
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16-01-2012, 12:28 PM

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