gastrointestinal tract of the patients.
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01-10-2010, 04:12 PM



.docx   report on capsule (pill) camera.docx (Size: 320.31 KB / Downloads: 100)
gastrointestinal tract of the patients.
abstract

The advancement of our technology today has lead to its effective use and application to the medical field. One effective and purposeful application of the advancement of technology is the process of the endoscopy, which is used to diagnose and examine the conditions of the gastrointestinal tract of the patients. It has been reported that this process is done by inserting an 8mm to 11mm tube through the mouth, with a camera at one end, and images are shown on a nearby monitor, allowing the medics to carefully guide it down to the gullet or stomach.
However, despite the effectiveness of this process to diagnose the patients, research shows that endoscopy is a pain staking process not only for the patients, but also for the doctors and nurses as well. From this, the evolution of the wireless capsule endoscope has emerged. Reports, that through the marvels of miniaturization, people with symptoms that indicate a possible problem in the gastrointestinal tract can now swallow a tiny camera that takes snapshots inside the body for a physician to evaluate.
The miniature camera, along with a light, transmitter, and batteries, called the Capsule Cam, is housed in a capsule, the size of a large vitamin pill, and is used in a procedure known as capsule endoscopy, which is a noninvasive and painless way of looking into the esophagus and small intestine. Once swallowed, the capsule is propelled through the small intestine by peristalsis, and acquires and transmits digital images at the rate of two per second to a sensor array attached to the patient’s abdomen, through a recording device worn on a belt stores the images, to be examined and reviewed.


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