radio frequency light sources full report
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project report tiger
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19-02-2010, 12:03 PM



.ppt   RADIO FREQUENCY LIGHT SOURCES Presentation.ppt (Size: 3.81 MB / Downloads: 716)

RADIO FREQUENCY LIGHT SOURCES

INTRODUCTION

¢ Converting electrical power into visible radiation
¢ No electrodes

RF PLASMA

Collection of uncharged molecules
Consists of equal number of positive and negative charges

RF LIGHTING

RF lamps appeared about 100 years ago
DISCHARGE TUBES:
Glass tube with electrodes at each end

DISCHARGE TYPES CAPACITIVE DISCHARGE:

Sheath impedance controls the discharge current of capacitive RF discharge
Power P is proportional to wVrf

CHOICE OF FREQUENCY AND DISCHARGE TYPE

The frequency range between 2.2-3.0MHZ has reduced restrictions on EMI
For frequencies at a few tens of kilohertz generator efficiency is rather high

MICROWAVE GENERATION:

Electrons are emitted from cathode
Anode surrounding the cathode attracts the electrons
Electrons take circular path

SPHERICAL EXTERNAL-COIL INDUCTION LAMP

Induction coil wrapped around the lamp
Screen cage surrounds the lamp to reduce EMI emissions
Operates at 27 W
Efficiency is 37lm/w

RE-ENTRANT CAVITY INDUCTION LAMP

Operating at 2.65 MHZ
Available in three wattages-55w,85w and 165w
Shaped standard incandescent lamps
100,000 hr average rated life

SELF-BALLASTED RE-ENTRANT CAVITY LAMP

¢ Lamp power is 23w at 48 lm/w
¢ Up to 15,000 hours of rated life

LOW-FREQUENCY EXTENDED-COIL INDUCTION LAMP:

Consists of pyre x glass tube
Operating frequency is 250khz
Minimizes problems associated with EMI
Ballast design is simpler than RF system at 2.65MHz

ADVANTAGES

Absence of electrodes
Maintenance is low
It has instant and harmless starting
Efficiency is high
Control actions from remote places are easy
The lamp luminous can be easily controllable

DISADVANTAGES

¢ Cost is higher than fluorescent and incandescent lamps
¢ With increasing frequency efficiency will decrease
¢ If the frequency changes there are more problems with EMI
¢ More complex design
¢ Maintenance is not much easy

FUTURE SCOPE

Suitable for general lighting within a plant as well as out door areas
Economical choice for many plants

CONCLUSION

Great opportunity for increased durability, light output and efficiency
Removes many of the lamp shape restrictions of conventional electrode discharge lamps
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Aditi Jain
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21-01-2011, 01:29 PM

thanks............................................................
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smart paper boy
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10-08-2011, 12:34 PM


.doc   radio frequency light sourcesorig.doc (Size: 989.5 KB / Downloads: 128)
INTRODUCTION
RF light sources follow the same principles of converting electrical power into visible radiation as conventional gas discharge lamps. The fundamental difference between RF lamps and conventional lamps is that RF lamps operate without electrodes .the presence of electrodes in conventional florescent and High Intensity Discharge lamps has put many restrictions on lamp design and performance and is a major factor limiting lamp life. Recent progress in semiconductor power switching electronics, which is revolutionizing many factors of the electrical industry, and a better understanding of RF plasma characteristics, making it possible to drive lamps at high frequencies.
CHAPTER 1
RF LIGHTING

The very first proposal for RF lighting, as well as the first patent on RF lamps, appeared about 100years ago, a half century before the basic principles lighting technology based on gas discharge had been developed.
1.1 DISCHARGE TUBES
Discharge Tube is the device in which a gas conducting an electric current emits visible light. It is usually a glass tube from which virtually all the air has been removed (producing a near vacuum), with electrodes at each end. When a high-voltage current is passed between the electrodes, the few remaining gas atoms (or some deliberately introduced ones) ionize and emit coloured light as they conduct the current along the tube. The light originates as electrons change energy levels in the ionized atoms. By coating the inside of the tube with a phosphor, invisible emitted radiation (such as ultraviolet light) can produce visible light; this is the principle of the fluorescent lamp.
We will consider different kinds of RF discharges and their advantages and restrictions for lighting applications.
CHAPTER 2
DISCHARGE TYPES

There are three practical ways to energize RF light sources, though there are more ways to create RF plasma
2.1 CAPACITIVE RF DISCHHARGE
Capacitive RF discharge may be energised by RF electrodes placed inside or outside the discharge vessel .The current path in a capacitive RF discharge plasma is closed by displacement currents in the RF electrode sheaths (whether the electrodes are inside or outside the discharge vessel). Capacitive RF discharges operate at gas pressure considerably lower than atmospheric pressure and are exited by an RF electric field E with frequency lower than 1GHz wavelength  much larger than the discharge size L,(  L)
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shibu4cool81
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06-10-2011, 10:03 AM

hiiiiiiiii i need radio frequency light sources full report
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04-07-2012, 10:24 AM



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