universal current sensor full report
Thread Rating:
  • 0 Vote(s) - 0 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
project report tiger
Active In SP
**

Posts: 1,062
Joined: Feb 2010
#1
21-02-2010, 05:35 PM



.ppt   UNIVERSAL CURRENT SENSORS.ppt (Size: 222 KB / Downloads: 983)

UNIVERSAL CURRENT SENSORS

INTRODUCTION

MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRIC CURRENT STRENGHT IS DIFFICULT FOR ELECTRONIC CONDITIONING
CONNECTING AMMETER AND READING OUT VALUES ARE NOT VALID
GALVANIC ISOLATION AND BAND WIDTH
PHYSICALLY LARGE AND TECHNICALLY COMPLEX

SENSORS

IMPORTANCE OF SENSORS
* CURRENT IS FED TO COMPUTERS IN
WHICH SENSORS CONVERT IT TO
PREPOTIONAL VOLTAGE
* MINIMUM INFLUENCE ON MEASURED CIRCUT

EARLIER SOLUTIONS

1. TO MEASURE VOLTAGE DROP ACROSS RESISTOR PLACED IN CURRENT PATH
USE A TRANSFORMER
HALL CURRENT SENSORS

CONSTRUCTION AND TYPE OF HALL SENSORS

CONSTRUCTION
CIRCULAR CORE OF SOFT MAGNETIC MATERIAL
HALL ELEMENT TO PRODUCE PREPOTIONATE VOLTAGE
AMPLIFIER
TYPES
OPEN LOOP AND CLOSED LOOP

COMPARISON OF OPEN LOOP AND CLOSED LOOP SENSORS

OPEN LOOP
AMPLIFIED OUTPUT OF HALL ELEMENT IS DIRECTLY USED AS MEASURED VALUE
PRICE AND SENSITIVITY IS LOW
CLOSED LOOP
A COMPENSATION COIL IS WOUND AROUND MAGNETIC CORE
NON LINEARITY AND TEMPERATURE DEPENDANCE ARE REDUCED
NOT CHEAP AND BULKY FOR HIGH CURRENTS

MAGNETO RESISTIVE EFFECT

SLIGHT CHANGES IN RESISTANCE WHEN FERRO MAGNETIC MATERIALS ARE PLACED IN MAGNETIC FIELD
A PREFFERD ORIENTATION OF MAGNETISATION WHEN EXPOSED TO MAGNETIC FIELD
MAGNETIC MOMENT ALONG LINEAR AXIS COULD BE CHANGED BY APPLYING MAGNETIC FIELD WHICH RESULT IN INCREASE IN CURRENT

ADVANTAGES OF MAGNETO RESISTORS

CONFIGURED AS WHEATSTONE BRIDGE
USED AT HIGH FREQUANCY

USED AT HIGH TEMPERATURE
HIGH SENSITIVITY
CONSTRUCTION

CONFIGURED AS FULL BRIDGE WITH BABER POLES PLACED IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION TO IMPROVE TEMPERATURE DEPENDANCE
ELECTRICALLY ISOLATED ALUMINIUM COMPENSATION CONDUCTORS ARE USED ON SAME SUBSTRATE ABOVE PERMALLOY RESISTORS TO IMPROVE LINEARITY
VOLTAGE DROP ACROSS RESISTOR FORMS ELECTRICAL OUTPUT SIGNAL
PRIMARY CONDUCTORIS U SHAPED

FEATURES

1. NO MAGNETIC SHIELDING NEEDED
2. LINEARITY ERROR<.1%
OFFSET VOLTAGE<10MV
3.POWERED BY STANDARD BIPOLAR VOLTAGE OF +OR- 15
4. POWER CONSUMPTION IS 320MWTO 640MW
5.NO REMANENENCE
OUTPUT CAN BE SCALED FOR A/D CONVERTERS
COMPARATOR TO MEASURE SHORTCIRCUIT CURRENT
NO REMANENCE DUE TO ABSENSE OF CORE
COMPESATION PRODUCE HIGH LINEARITY

ADVANTAGES

SMALLER VOLUME AND WEIGHT COMPARED TO CONVENTIONAL CURRENT SENSOR
NO REMANENCE IN THE EVENT OF OVERLOAD
MEASUREMENT OF DC AND AC CURRENT WITH OUT ADDITIONAL LOSSES
WIDE FREQUANCY RANGE
LOW SYSTEM COST

APPLICATION

INVERTERS AND SERVO REGULATORS
ENERGY DISTRIBUTION
POWER ELECTRONICS SYSTEM
BATTERY MANAGEMENT
UNINTERRUPTABLE POWER SUPPLIES
ROBOTICS AUTOMOTIVE

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS

SENSOR MODULE IS REALISED AS DIL CHIP
MOUNTED ON POWER PCB BOARD
BUS BAR IS ALIGNED AS BUS BAR PLATE

LATEST MR SENSORS

PRIMARY CONDUCTOR IS USUALLY FLAT
SENSOR MODULE IS CLIPPED INTO A SLOT MADE IN IT
SENSORS ARE MOUNTED ON SUBSTRATE AND ENCAPSULATED IN PLASTIC
THEY ARE SMALL COMPACT LIGHT CHEAP AND EASY TO MOUNT
PRIMARY CONDUCTOR IS PART OF APPLICATION

CURRENT SENSORS IN TOMMORROWS CARS

¢ MANY COMPONENTS OPERATED BY CARS ENGINE WILL IN FUTURE OPERATE ON ELECTRICITY
¢ ACCORDING TO NEW PROTOTYPE PRESENT AT MANNESMANN-SACHS AG AT 1999 IAA CAR EXHIBITION IN GERMANY A STARTER GENERATOR I S USED
¢ IT REQUIRE THREE PHASE MOSFET ALTERNATOR
¢ 2 PHASES REQUIRE MAGNETO RESISTANCE CURRENT SENSORS
CONCLUSION

MAGNETO RESISTIVE SENSORS ARE A GROUP OF SENSORS WHICH HAVE BOUGHT FAST AND REVOLUTIONARY CHANGES IN CURRENT MEASUREMENT AND ITS CONDITIONING .
ATTEMPTS ARE GOING ON TO MAKE IT MORE USER FRIENDLY
IN THE NEXT FEW DECADES MAGNETO RESISTORS AND ITS SENSORS ARE PREDICTED TO REPLACE THE CONVENTIONAL RESISTORS IN ALL APPLICATION
Reply
msowmya64
Active In SP
**

Posts: 2
Joined: Mar 2010
#2
22-03-2010, 07:35 PM

send me few more details of universal current sensors
Reply
project topics
Active In SP
**

Posts: 2,492
Joined: Mar 2010
#3
12-04-2010, 10:47 AM


.docx   Universal Current Sensor.docx (Size: 121.95 KB / Downloads: 354)

The measurement of electric current strength is not always easy, especially when the measured signal requires further electronic conditioning. Simply connecting an ammeter to an electrical circuit and reading out the value is no longer enough. The current signal must be fed into a computer in which sensors convert current into a proportional voltage with minimal influence on the measured circuit. The basic sensor requirements are galvanic isolation and a high bandwidth, usually from DC up to at least 100 kHz. Conventional current measurement systems therefore tend to be physically large and technically complex.
Early Solutions
The oldest technique is to measure the voltage drop across a resistor placed in the current path. To minimize energy losses the resistor is kept very small, so the measured voltage must be highly amplified. The amplifierâ„¢s offset voltage must be as small as possible and its supply voltage must be at the potential of the circuit, often 110 V mains (230 V in Europe) with high parasitic peaks from which its output must be isolated. This requirement increases overall system cost.
Another widespread principle is the transformer. Its construction is much simpler, but it doesnâ„¢t allow the measurement of DC signals. Isolation between primary and secondary sides is implicitly given. A problem is the limited frequency range.
Hall Current Sensors
Hall sensors also measure the magnetic field surrounding the conductor but, unlike current transformers, they also sense DC currents. A circular core of soft magnetic material is placed around the conductor to concentrate the field. The Hall element, which is placed in a small air gap, delivers a voltage that is proportional to the measured current. This sensor also offers a galvanic isolation.
The very small output voltage of the Hall element must be highly amplified, and the sensitivity is temperature dependent and requires adequate compensation. There is an inevitable offset, i.e., a small DC voltage at zero current; the offset amplitude and temperature coefficient are subject to significant fluctuations. The smaller the current to be measured, the higher the offset-induced relative error. Also of note is sensitivity to short current peaks in the circuit: according to the hysteresis properties of the core material, these peaks can cause a static magnetization in the core that results in a permanent remanence, and finally to an offset alteration of the Hall element
Use Search at http://topicideas.net/search.php wisely To Get Information About Project Topic and Seminar ideas with report/source code along pdf and ppt presenaion
Reply
parvathisunil
Active In SP
**

Posts: 1
Joined: Jul 2010
#4
11-07-2010, 03:52 PM

Hey,
I am dng a seminar and presentation on "The Universal Current Sensor". I m very much inneed of the report of dis topic. i m really lukng forward 4 ur help.Thanks very much 4 dis 4 dic usefull site.
Reply
jemshee
Active In SP
**

Posts: 9
Joined: Jul 2011
#5
26-07-2011, 05:57 PM

UNIVERSAL CURRENT SENSORS
Reply
seminar addict
Super Moderator
******

Posts: 6,592
Joined: Jul 2011
#6
27-07-2011, 10:06 AM


To get more information about the topic "universal current sensor " please refer the link below
topicideashow-to-universal-current-sensor-full-report
Reply
seminar addict
Super Moderator
******

Posts: 6,592
Joined: Jul 2011
#7
30-01-2012, 12:10 PM

to get information about the topic universal current sensor full report, ppt and related topic refer the link bellow

topicideashow-to-universal-current-sensor-full-report
Reply
bhoomika sharma
Active In SP
**

Posts: 1
Joined: Feb 2012
#8
01-02-2012, 02:51 PM

Reply
seminar paper
Active In SP
**

Posts: 6,455
Joined: Feb 2012
#9
08-03-2012, 10:05 AM

to get information about the topic"UNIVERSAL CURRENT SENSOR" full report ppt and related topic refer the link bellow

topicideashow-to-universal-current-sensor-full-report
Reply
nani231
Active In SP
**

Posts: 2
Joined: Mar 2012
#10
12-03-2012, 12:57 AM

haiiiiiii sir i want universal current sensor ppt & pdf full report sir . plz urgent
thanq sir
Reply
seminar paper
Active In SP
**

Posts: 6,455
Joined: Feb 2012
#11
12-03-2012, 09:44 AM


to get information about the topic "universal current sensor " full report ppt and related topic refer the link bellow

topicideashow-to-universal-current-sensor-full-report
Reply
Guest
Thinking To Register

 
#12
30-07-2013, 11:54 AM

[/font][/size][size=medium][font=Times New Roman]
Reply
shreemaa
Active In SP
**

Posts: 1
Joined: Jul 2013
#13
30-07-2013, 12:23 PM

sir
iwant to know the details about the topic,
please send me as soon as possiblle
Reply
study tips
Super Moderator
******

Posts: 10,180
Joined: Feb 2013
#14
31-07-2013, 09:38 AM

To get full information or details of universal current sensor please have a look on the pages

topicideashow-to-universal-current-sensor-full-report

topicideashow-to-universal-current-sensor-full-report--45818

if you again feel trouble on universal current sensor please reply in that page and ask specific fields in universal current sensor
Reply

Important Note..!

If you are not satisfied with above reply ,..Please

ASK HERE

So that we will collect data for you and will made reply to the request....OR try below "QUICK REPLY" box to add a reply to this page

Quick Reply
Message
Type your reply to this message here.


Image Verification
Please enter the text contained within the image into the text box below it. This process is used to prevent automated spam bots.
Image Verification
(case insensitive)

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  optical technology in current measurement jaseelati 0 320 10-01-2015, 01:19 PM
Last Post: jaseelati
  current sensor mini project jaseelati 0 254 09-01-2015, 02:15 PM
Last Post: jaseelati
  eddy current brakes seminar report jaseelati 0 203 23-12-2014, 02:06 PM
Last Post: jaseelati
  universal current sensor ppt jaseelati 0 173 20-12-2014, 03:42 PM
Last Post: jaseelati
  surge current protection using superconductors ppt jaseelati 0 233 06-12-2014, 04:14 PM
Last Post: jaseelati
  witricity full report project report tiger 28 38,236 30-08-2014, 02:26 AM
Last Post: radiopodarok.ru
  Ultrasonic Sensor Based DC Motor Control Using LabVIEW seminar class 5 5,278 05-05-2014, 10:08 AM
Last Post: seminar project topic
  ACCIDENT PREVENTION USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION full report computer science topics 5 7,612 17-04-2014, 11:07 AM
Last Post: seminar project topic
  silicon on plastic full report computer science technology 2 2,972 13-04-2014, 10:34 PM
Last Post: 101101
  Automatic Emergency Light full report seminar class 7 17,620 08-03-2014, 02:28 PM
Last Post: seminar project topic